fundação calouste gulbenkian
From Bauhaus to the New House

As part of the Presidency of the Council of the European Union the country that holds the presidency usually organises a debate forum, the main goal of which is to analyse, discuss and present proposals for European-level architectural policies. In 2021, the Ordem dos Arquitectos/Association of Architects will be organising the European Conference on Architectural Policies (ECAP) on 8 and 9 June 2021 at the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation.

ECAP 2021 will be an opportunity to respond to the challenge laid down by the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, to build a New European Bauhaus, proposing a dialogue on the current challenges for a post-pandemic future, crossing architecture, the arts, the city and policy-making.
A debate on new forms of habitation under the guiding principle of “sustainability”, one that brings together several generations of architects, artists, cultural agents and academics from various disciplines to contribute to the discussion of the current times.

As architects, we could not be more involved in this objective and respond enthusiastically to the appeal by the President of the European Commission, in anticipation of a new mission for architecture and architects in contributing to the construction of a New European Bauhaus.
The conference will be structured around statements, keynote speeches and four round-table debates on the following subject matters:

A| The New European Bauhaus Seen from outside Europe
B| Transforming the Post-pandemic City
C| Architecture, Art and Sustainability
D| Architectural Policies and the New European Bauhaus

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From Bauhaus to the New House — Post-Covid Landscapes is a play on the title of a book by Tom Wolfe, From Bauhaus to Our House, a satire of the modern design school and culture. It adapts the subject matter to the present day, more than 100 years after the foundation of the German school, with the aim of giving architecture, art, design and culture in general a decisive role in the future of post-pandemic design.

The aim of this conference is to build bridges between science and art, between economics and culture, and between society and architecture. It considers interdisciplinarity and collaborative processes as being central to our times, bringing together contributions from diverse agents and geographic regions in Europe and the whole world.

To participate in the conference, please enrol.

8 JuneLisbon Time: GMT+1

Opening session

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President of the Portuguese Association of Architects

In 1975 Gonçalo Byrne began his own freelance architectural activity; he founded his studio, Gonçalo Byrne Arquitectos, in 1991.
He has been a member of the Portuguese Board of the UIA and a delegate to the World Assembly and Congress of that organisation.
He has taught at several international universities, including Lausanne, Harvard, Venice, Mendrisio, Leuven, Pamplona, Milan, Kansas State University and others.
He has frequently been a jury member for many design competitions and accolades, such as for the Mies van der Rohe Award 2017 or the Swiss Architectural Award, sponsored by the BSI Architectural Foundation (of which he is a permanent member of the Advisory Board) to name just a few.
Gonçalo Byrne was awarded the Gold Medal by the French Academy of Architecture, and the Piranesi Prix de Rome 2014 for the National Museum Machado de Castro, Coimbra.

European Commissioner for Cohesion and Reforms

Member of the Board (2016-2017) and Vice Governor (2017-2019) at Banco de Portugal. Portugal’s representative on the Supervisory Board of the Single Supervisory Mechanism (2016-2019).
Member of the European Parliament (2004-2016).
Member of the Portuguese Parliament (2002-2004).
Minister for Planning (1999-2002) and Minister for the Environment (1995-1999).
Executive Vice-President of the Porto Industrial Association (1992-1994).
Vice-President of Portugal’s Northern Region Coordination Commission (1988-1992).
Degree in Economics from University of Porto (1978); Master’s Degree (1981) and Ph.D. (1985) from University of Reading, UK.
University Professor (on leave of absence). 
Jorge Figueira // Voting Member of the National Executive Board of the Portuguese Association of Architects
Critic and Professor of History and Theory at the University of Coimbra’s Department of Architecture. He is also a researcher at the Centre of Social Studies.

Carla Lima Vieira // Secretary of the National Executive Board of the Portuguese Association of Architects
Carla Lima Vieira carries out architectural and urbanism studies and design projects on diverse scales, both publicly and privately commissioned.

Rui Serrano // Voting Member of the National Executive Board of the Portuguese Association of Architects
Rui Serrano was Deputy Mayor in Abrantes (2009 to 2013) and Tomar, where he was also an Alderman (2013 to 2016).
He is currently working on his Doctoral Thesis in Architecture of Contemporary Metropolitan Areas.

Head of the New European Bauhaus Unit, Joint Research Centre, European Commission

Since December 2020, Xavier Troussard has headed the NEB Unit, bringing his experience in policy making at the EU level as well as his interest in culture, creativity and innovation he developed at the Joint Research Centre (JRC), which he joined in 2014 to set up and lead the development of the EU Policy Lab at the crossroads of anticipation disciplines, behavioural sciences and design.
From July 2017 to November 2020, he was Acting Director for the Directorate ‘Competences’ which organises JRC transversal competences ranging from modelling, evaluation and indicators to text and data mining and analysis, technology transfer, and intellectual property.
He also heads EU coordination in the negotiations for the 2005 UNESCO Convention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions.
He graduated in Law and General Administration from the University of Rennes (France) and in European Studies from the College of Europe (Bruges, Belgium).
Keynote Speaker

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Pritzker Prize winner 2011

Eduardo Souto de Moura was born on 25th July 1952 in Porto, where he studied architecture at the School of Fine Arts, graduating in 1980.
He collaborated in the architectural practices of Noé Dinis (in 1974) and Álvaro Siza (from 1975 to 1979).
He has had his own architectural firm since 1980.
From 1981 to 1991, he was assistant professor at his alma mater and later became a professor at the University of Porto’s Faculty of Architecture.
He has been a visiting professor at the architectural schools of Paris-Belleville, Harvard, Dublin, ETH Zurich, Lausanne, Mendrísio and Mantova.
He has taken part in numerous seminars and given many lectures both in Portugal and abroad.
He has been the recipient of the Heinrich Tessenow Gold Medal (2001), the Pritzker Prize (2011), the Wolf Prize (2013), the Piranesi Prize (2017) and the “Leone d’oro” award at the Venice Biennale (2018).

ROUND TABLE 1: The New Bauhaus beyond Europe // Moderator Jorge Figueira

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President of CIALP, Conselho Internacional dos Arquitectos de Língua Oficial Portuguesa – Macao, People's Republic of China

Rui Leão is the president of CIALP (International Council of Portuguese Speaking Architects) for the three-year period 2019-2022, and also president of Docomomo Macao.
He gained a degree in Architecture at the Porto School of Architecture (1993) and a PhD in Architecture and Urbanism at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (Australia, 2019).
Based in Macao, having lived in the Azores, Lisbon and São Tomé and Príncipe, he is a partner at LBA Architecture and Planning, together with the architect Carlotta Bruni, and has been carrying out design projects for large infrastructure, public buildings and public space for the Macao Government since 1999. His work includes the Nam Van Square, which won with the Arcasia Gold Medal 2005-06, and the Reading Room for the Macau Portuguese School, which received a jury commendation for innovation at the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards in 2012.
He is active in architectural teaching and publishing work related with the fields of heritage and urbanism.
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Researcher, Faculty of Architecture and Physical Planning at Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique

Jessica Canotilho Lage is an architect and physical planner at Eduardo Mondlane University in Maputo. She holds a Postgraduate degree in “Housing design and ways of inhabiting” from the University of Porto’s Faculty of Architecture, where she is currently doing a PhD programme with a thesis on “The formalities of the 'informal': from self-production to self-construction in Maputo’s pericentral neighbourhoods”.
In association with different projects, she has participated in several international seminars and conferences, as well as publishing book chapters and scientific articles in specialised magazines and by specialised publishing companies, mainly on the themes of community technical assistance and basic habitability in the self-built neighborhoods of Maputo.
Atelier Mulemba, Luanda, Angola

Born in Luanda (1978), he is a co-founder of Atelier Mulemba, an architectural design studio based in Luanda, which focuses on innovative design and research projects that draw from and respond to the Angolan context.
He currently practice and lives in Brisbane, Australia, where he graduated from Queensland University of Technology (2007) and completed his Master’s Degree in Design Futures at Griffith University (2010). 
Director of the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism — Escola da Cidade, São Paulo, Brazil

Born in 1970, Cristiane Muniz graduated in Architecture from the FAUUSP in 1993; she obtained her Master’s Degree in 2005 and since 2019 has been a Director at the Escola da Cidade in São Paulo.
A founding member of the office Una arquitectos (1996) and the atelier UNA MUNIZVIEGAS (since 2019), she is responsible for a wide range of design projects on diverse scales and in diverse contexts
From 2014 to 2019, she coordinated the post-graduation course “Architecture, Education and Society” at Escola da Cidade, where she has been a design professor since 2004.
In 2021 she taught at Harvard, coordinating the SP Reaction: Tamanduateí River Mouth workshop. She took part in the WAVE2019 workshop at the University Institute of Architecture Venice; was a keynote speaker at the UIA 2017 Congress in Seoul; and also teaches and exhibits at several other universities and cultural centres.

ROUND TABLE 2: Transforming the City/Post Covid // Moderator Rui Serrano

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Lisbon City Council Alderman for Planning, Urbanism, Urban Renewal

With vast experience in urban planning and housing policies, in addition to his academic work as a university teacher and investigator, Ricardo Veludo now has on a role in defining and coordinating public policies, namely at Lisbon City Council.
Throughout his career he has studied participation and citizen governance models, with a view to achieving the sustainable development of cities, while strategically linking the disciplines of Engineering and Planning with the Social Sciences.
He holds a degree in Territorial Engineering from the Instituto Superior Técnico (IST).
Advisor to the Mayor of Paris, France

Marion Waller is in charge of architecture, patrimony, urban landscape, green spaces and funerary affairs in Paris. She has previously worked for the Deputy Mayor in charge of urban planning and has helped to deploy Reinventer Paris, the international call for innovative urban projects that was then exported to other European cities.
In 2021 she was the recipient of the European Leadership Award for real estate professionals aged 40 or under by the Urban Land Institute.
She is an urbanist and a philosopher specialising in environmental studies and published her first book in 2016 – Artefacts Naturels, about ecological restoration and ways of “reinhabiting” nature. She teaches Urban Controversies at the Grand École “Sciences Po” Paris and Environmental Philosophy at the Université Paris Est.
Geographer and researcher at the University of Lisbon’s Institute of Social Sciences.

João Ferrão specialises in urban studies and land use planning. He has been a lecturer at the University of Lisbon’s Geography Department, president of the Portuguese Association for Regional Development, a consultant to the OECD, Sectretary of State for Planning and Cities and the Vice-Dean of the University of Lisbon.
He is currently a member of the National Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development the General Councils for Évora University and Portalegre Polytechnic.
Professor, School of Architecture, Art and Design, Minho University

Since 1997 Maria Manuel Oliveira has lectured at Minho University’s School of Architecture, where she also carries out architectural and urban design projects in the scope of that university’s Centre of Studies.
She is also a researcher at the Laboratório de Paisagens, Património e Território | Lab2PT.
She has taught at other universities, worked at public institutions in the area of urbanism and also worked as a freelance architect; she graduated from the Porto School of Fine Arts in 1985.
She is a member of the Delegate Assembly at the Orden dos Arquitectos/Association of Architects.


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9 June

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Vice-President of Ordem dos Arquitectos/Association of Architects

Paula Santos has had her own architectural office since 1999 in Porto, where she produces designs for public and private commissions.
She has had numerous works published, for which she has also won awards, and has also participated in domestic and international exhibitions, conferences and workshops.
She was an Invited Professor at the University of Coimbra’s Department of Architecture from 2008 to 2013 and a member of the Association of Architects corporate bodies in the periods 2008-2010 and 2010-2012.
She was awarded the Honour of Grand Officer of the Order of Merit in 1999 for her involvement as an architect in Expo ’98.

Bauhaus of the Seas

Nuno Jardim Nunes was recently appointed by the Portuguese Government to coordinate the working group tasked with proposing a vision for Portugal's participation in the New European Bauhaus. His contribution led to the Bauhaus of the Seas manifesto he is currently pursuing as a themed New European Bauhaus (NEB) project.

He is a full professor at the Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon and the President and founder of the Interactive Technologies Institute (ITI), the leading HCI and design research institute in Portugal. A strong advocate of the role of human-centric design in participatory culture and sustainability, his research has influenced how digital technologies can engage and inspire digital citizens to act sustainably and connect to ecosystems and the wider nature.

ROUND TABLE 3 - Architecture/Art/Sustainability // Moderator Jorge Figueira

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Visual artist

Lives and works in Lisbon.
Fernanda Fragateiro works in the field of three-dimensionality, challenging relationships of tension between architecture and sculpture and promoting connections to the place, as she places the spectator in a performative position. Some of her projects have been collaborations with other visual artists, architects, landscapers and performers.
Her work has been exhibited by a wide range of institutions, both in Portugal and abroad, for example: the Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna Contemporanea in Rome; Museu de Arte Miguel Urrutia, Bogotá; CaixaForum, Barcelona; the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Paris; the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts at Harvard University; The Bronx Museum of the Arts in New York; and the MUAC Museo Universitario Arte Contemporáneo, México; etc.
Her works can be found in several institutional and private collections.
Researcher at the Centre of Social Studies, University of Coimbra — URBiNAT

An Associate Professor at the University of Coimbra’s Department of Architecture, Gonçalo Canto Moniz coordinates the European project “URBiNAT — Healthy corridor as drivers of social housing neighbourhoods for the co-creation of social, environmental and marketable NBS” (H2020). He also participates in the "(EU)ROPA — Rise of Portuguese Architecture" project (Science and Technology Foundation).
He is a member of the DOCOMOMO International “ISC/Education and Training” committee.
Doctoral Thesis, “The Modern Teaching of Architecture. Architect Training at the Portuguese Schools of Fine Arts (1931-69)”, published by FIMS, Afrontamento in 2019.
He researches and publishes on the subject matters Urban Renewal and Modern Architecture.
Architect – Moneo Brock, Madrid, Spain

Belén Moneo is, together with Jeff Brock, a founding partner of Moneo Brock, an international architectural, planning and design studio formed in 1993 in New York. While maintaining ties with New York, the studio opened its main office in Madrid in 2002 and currently carries out design projects in Spain, the US, Mexico and the Dominican Republic. It includes a group of versatile professionals committed to identifying and implementing sustainable solutions, with great faith in the capacity of good design.
A graduate in Art History and Visual Arts from Harvard University (Magna Cum Laude, 1988), she gained her Master’s Degree in Architecture from Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation in New York (1991). Since 2014 she has also taught Architectural Analysis at the Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid.
Her architectural projects and product designs have been published extensively in international publications.
Professor, Department of Architecture, University of Coimbra – Redevelopment of Matosinhos Refinery

An architect, critic, curator and Associate Professor at the University of Coimbra (UC), Nuno Grande graduated in Architecture from the University of Porto (FAUP, 1992. He holds a Ph.D. from the University of Coimbra (2009), where he is a researcher at the Centre for Social Studies. He is the coordinator of CoimbraStudio, the Ph.D. Programme in Architecture at the University of Coimbra.
He has curated international exhibitions: for the European Capitals of Culture, Porto 2001 and Guimarães 2012; at the Lisbon Architecture Triennale, 2007; at the São Paulo Architecture Biennale, 2007; at the Portuguese Pavilion at the XV Venice Architecture Biennale, 2016; at Cité de l’Architecture et du Patrimoine, Paris, 2016; and at the Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art, Porto, 2019.
He is the author of books and essays on Portuguese Architecture published in Portugal and abroad.
ROUND TABLE 4 - Architectural Policies/Domestic and International Experiences // Moderator Rui Serrano

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Member of the Portuguese Parliament and Architect

Filipa Roseta is currently a member of the Portuguese Parliamentary Committees on the Economy, Innovation and Public Works and Housing; Environment, Energy and Spatial Planning; and Culture and Communication (2019-).
She is Associate Professor at the University of Lisbon’s Faculty of Architecture and a researcher at CIAUD – the Research Centre for Architecture, Urbanism and Design.
She was an alderwoman at Cascais City Council with responsibility for Territorial Management; Territorial Intelligence and Spatial Planning (2017-2019).
Author of domestic and international publications on Architecture and The City, focusing on matters of modernity, sustainability, teaching and innovation.
Ph.D. from the Royal College of Art, London, with a thesis on “Modern Avenues”, a comparative study on Paris, London and Lisbon (grant awarded by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 2005-2009).
Chair of the OMC Group of EU Member States’ experts on High-quality architecture and built environment for everyone, Estonia

Since February 2020, Veronika Valk-Siska has been the chairperson of the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) Group, launched in line with the Davos Declaration “Towards a high-quality Baukultur for Europe” adopted by the European Ministers of Culture in January 2018; it highlights the central role of culture in the built environment. The OMC group works on an integrated and balanced approach to the built environment while focusing on the specific contributions made by architectural policies and practices.
An architect and advisor on architecture and design at the Ministry of Culture of Estonia, she is also an Advisory Board Member of the Tallinn Architecture Biennale and Member of the Advisory Board of the Architects Association in Estonia.
State Architect, Office of Public Works — Ireland

Ciaran O’Connor graduated from the Dublin Institute of Technology and gained architectural and landscape experience in Germany and Canada prior to joining the Office of Public Works where he is now State Architect with responsibilities for a wide variety of new build, conservation and landscape projects and is presently working on the government’s Green Public Procurement document for Construction. Built projects have been published in Europe, India, China and Japan. He is also an occasional visiting lecturer and critic. Citations include 2 European, 25 Irish Annual and Triennial Architectural Awards and 3 Landscape Awards. Co-author of 5 books. He is a Fellow of Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland, currently serving as President.

Closing Session // Moderator Jorge Figueira / Rui Serrano

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DOCOMOMO International Chair; Instituto Superior Técnico; University of Lisbon

Ana Tostões’ term in office at Docomomo International, where she has been since 2010, has been marked by the development of Docomomo into a truly worldwide network and the Docomomo Journal into the only international periodical that provides a critical look at the sustainable reuse of modern heritage.
Her research field is contemporary architecture and urbanism, focusing on sustainable environment-related heritage reuse. She has curated exhibitions, published books and essays, and coordinated research projects, for example on Modern Architecture in Africa or Cure and Care.
Currently president of AICA Portugal, she was awarded the BIAU Prize (2016), the ANH-Gulbenkian Prize (2014) and also the honours title of Commander of the Order of Prince Henry (2006).
She is a former vice-president of the Portuguese Association of Architects (2008-2010).
Member of the High-Level Roundtable of the New European Bauhaus, European Commission

Since 2009, João Pedro Sousa has been Assistant Professor at FAUP (Porto), where he founded and directs the DFL research group, which is dedicated to exploring the impact of digital transformation on architectural thinking, design and construction. Before FAUP, he taught at FCTUC (Coimbra), ESARQ-UIC (Barcelona) and IAAC (Barcelona).
As part of his research on the application of digital fabrication using cork in architecture, he was a Special Student at MIT (Cambridge, MA) and a Visiting Scholar at UPenn (Philadelphia, PA).
He holds a Degree in Architecture from FAUP; a Master’s in Genetic Architectures from ESARQ-UIC (Barcelona), and a PhD in Architecture from IST-UTL (Lisbon).
Director-General of the Territory, Coordinator of the New European Bauhaus Working Group.

Fernanda do Carmo holds a degree in Geography and Regional Planning, a Post-Grad in Spatial and Environmental Planning, a Master’s Degree in Public Administration and a Diploma in Advanced Public Policy Studies.
She chairs the National Territory Committee, the Architecture and Landscape Monitoring Committee, the Cartography Coordinating Board and the Inter-Sectoral Forum of the National Spatial Planning Policy Programme (PNPOT).
She leads the general coordination for the revision of the PNPOT, which has been in place since 2019, and the operational coordination for drawing up the Regional Spatial Planning Plans for the Lisbon Metropolitan Area since 2002; and for the West and Tagus Valley region since 2009.
She has authored many conference contributions and publications in her area of specialty.
Portuguese Minister of the Environment and Climate Action

Minister of the Environment in Portugal’s previous government, up until October 2018.
Chairman of the Board of Directors of Águas do Porto (2014-2015).
Advisor to the Board of Directors of the companies Terminais do Norte and Portos do Norte (Manica Group); managerial role in the Port of Nacala in Mozambique (2012-2013).
Director at Quarternaire Portugal, SA (1999-2005).
Chief of Staff to the Under-Secretary of State to the Minister for the Environment (1997-1999) and Deputy to the Secretary of State for Natural Resources (1995-1997).
Lecturer at the Instituto Superior Técnico (Infrastructures) and the Higher School of Transport (Energy-related and Environmental Impacts of Means of Transport). Guest teacher in Master’s Degree Courses at the University of Porto, Technical University of Lisbon (UTL) and University of Naples.

President of the Portuguese Association of Architects

In 1975 Gonçalo Byrne began his own freelance architectural activity; he founded his studio, Gonçalo Byrne Arquitectos, in 1991.
He has been a member of the Portuguese Board of the UIA and a delegate to the World Assembly and Congress of that organisation.
He has taught at several international universities, including Lausanne, Harvard, Venice, Mendrisio, Leuven, Pamplona, Milan, Kansas State University and others.
He has frequently been a jury member for many design competitions and accolades, such as for the Mies van der Rohe Award 2017 or the Swiss Architectural Award, sponsored by the BSI Architectural Foundation (of which he is a permanent member of the Advisory Board) to name just a few.
Gonçalo Byrne was awarded the Gold Medal by the French Academy of Architecture, and the Piranesi Prix de Rome 2014 for the National Museum Machado de Castro, Coimbra.

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